Installations

Due to one of the highest Consumer Energy prices in Denmark (0,31 EUR/kWh), which are caused by high Energy tax, Solar PV have already reached Grid parity. This encourages households to switch from traditional energy sources to Solar PV, which are Energy tax exempt and provide competitive advantage. In combination with the very successful Net metering system, Solar PV have doubled installed PV capacity in 2011 and reached 7 MWp installed in 2011 and accumulated installed capacity in Denmark overall 14 MWp. Denmark has become Solar PV champions in the Scandinavia in 2011, and a success story to all Nordic neighbours, including the Baltic States.

According to Eurobserver, Photovoltaic Barometer, 2010, there are 8,71 MWp Solar PV installed in Sweden, which ranks Sweden in 13th place in Europe (of which 5,13 MW are off-grid installations). In 2011, according to Swedish Energy Agency data, Sweden has installed additional 2,5 MWp capacity, most of which are On-Grid roof-integrated systems, which received SEA supported investment subsidy up to 60% of investment with cap of 4'500 EUR/kWp. SEA investment subsidy program for Solar PV will run for the 8th year in a row also in 2012. SEA has already received more applications that available funds for 2012, which show big interest in Solar PV in Sweden.

 Nevertheless, the most Northern EU country, Finland has installed 7,65 MW of Solar PV installations in 2009, of which 98% are Off-grid (4,48 MW). This ranks Finland in 15th Plance in EU, and measured by Solar PV power per inhabitant, Finland is even higher in the list - 15th place in EU with 1,4 Wp per inhabitant. The main drivers behind Solar PV developments in Finland are summer cottage owners in remote areas in Finland archepelagos that find Solar energy the most applicable. However, this is changing with more emphasis being placed on Urban environments and cities and building integrated solutions. Finish National Agency TEKES organises annual meetings for Solar PV industry, designers, architects and engineers, and the most recent meeting on 8 Dec 2011 has attracted huge interest from Solar PV industry in Finland.

Total Solar PV capacity in the Baltic states in 2009 was 0,66 MW, with Estonia as the leader with 60 kWp (one 100 kWp Solar Park in construction), Lithuania with 55 kWp (two solar Parks in construction), and Latvia with 13 kWp installed (no solar parks in construction). This ranks the Baltic states in overall last place in Europe, according to Solar PV power per inhabitant. Situation has slightly changed in 2011, bringing Lithuania in the first place for overall installed PV capacity and the largest built Solar PV park near Kaunas, which has introduced more than 30 different engineering solutions with mono, poli and thin-film technologies, various installation angles, tracking systems and other features. The main aim of the Solar park is to develop know-how about different PV solutions and accumulate field data about Solar energy production in Lithuania.

The world Solar PV leader Germany has installed overall 17'200 MWp Solar PV power, 98% of which are fed into Grid (total of 860'000 installations, generating 12'000 GWh annually, which represent 2% of Gross power consumption in Germany), accrding to German Solar industry association, June 2011. New installed photovoltaic capacity in 2010 was 7, 400 MWp. Solar PV value added in Germany in 2010 formed 10 billion Euro.